ITP List (Calendar page)

October 2, 2020
  • ITP Ed Sciences: Dr. Shanette Porter

    October 2, 2020  12:00 pm - 1:30 pm
    Virtual: email by Sept. 30 to register

    Dr. Shanette Porter
    Director of Research and Senior Fellow
    Mindset Scholars Network

    "Can We Identify Effective Schools? The Role of School Climate"
    Recent research suggests that high schools and educators effect long-run educational attainment by fostering both socioemotional development and achievement on standardized test scores. Motivated by the prior research, this work classifies Chicago high schools’ effectiveness based on their value added to an index of 9th graders’ socioemotional development and standardized test scores and examines whether organizational features predict the effectiveness index. We show that teacher and student survey reports of the five aspects of school climate in the 5Essentials framework – leadership quality, teacher collaboration, family involvement, supportiveness, and instructional rigor – collectively explain over 40 percent of the variation in the summary index of school effectiveness. School climate factors remain significantly associated with school effectiveness conditional on school demographics, characteristics, and type. Consistent with prior research, we find evidence that supportiveness, teacher collaboration, and instructional rigor may play particularly important roles in shaping adolescents’ outcomes. This is the first research to document that school climate is a strong predictor of schools’ causal effects on students’ long-run outcomes, which has important implications given recent policy on school climate (e.g., ESSA).

    See more details

October 9, 2020
October 16, 2020
  • ITP Ed Sciences: Dr. Jayanti Owens

    October 16, 2020  12:00 pm - 1:30 pm
    Virtual: Email by Oct. 14 to register

    Dr. Jayanti Owens
    Department of Sociology
    Brown University

    "Double Jeopardy: Individual Biases, Racialized Organizations, and the Production of Racial Disparities in School Discipline"

    Black and Latinx students face significantly higher rates of school suspension and expulsion than White students. This disparity is largest among boys. Disparities persist net of racial differences in misbehavior, suggesting possible differential treatment/support or biased perceptions of the same behaviors. To understand persistent disparities, scholars typically examine either individuals’ social psychological processes or schools’ organizational contexts – but rarely do both together. This study bridges the social psychology of individual bias with scholarship on racialized organizations in order to develop a more comprehensive understanding of the production of racial inequality in school discipline. I combine an original video experiment involving 1,053 US teachers with administrative data on school-level organizational context. I find that, compared to White boys, Black and Latinx boys face a double jeopardy. They experience (1) within-school teacher bias, when a given Black or Latinx boy is perceived more negatively than a White boy would be for identical misbehavior within poor minority schools, and; (2) between-school organizational bias, where poor minority schools additionally perceive identical misbehavior more negatively than advantaged White schools. Biased perceptions then justify harsher sanctioning, producing racial disparities at the organizational and individual levels. Findings reveal how social psychological and organizational forces can mutually reinforce racial disparities in school discipline. 

    See more details